What is a Septic System




What is a Septic System?

A septic system is an onsite wastewater treatment system that processes and purifies household waste (effluent). The effluent consists of blackwater (toilet wastes) and graywater (kitchen sink, bathtub, and laundry wastes).

A septic system has two components : a septic tank and a leachfield or drainfield (soil absorption field). Primary treatment occurs in the septic tank, where bacteria digest organic materials in the wastewater. The effluent then flows into the leachfield for secondary treatment. Here, bacteria complete the digestion and purification process as the wastewater slowly leaches or infiltrates into the soil.

Onsite systems for recycling wastewater have become a sustainable long-term solution in places where community public sewer systems are not physically viable. Onsite systems make efficient use of space as land development puts new pressures on natural resources.

How do Septic Tanks Work?

A septic tank is a large underground tank that's capable of holding hundred of gallons of wastewater. Septic tanks come in varying standard sizes between 1,000 - 1,500 gallons and beyond. The septic tank is connected to the building via the plumbing main line. All wastewater in the home, which drains from sinks, toilets, showers and bathtubs, feeds the septic tank via this line.

When the wastewater enters the septic tank, it separates into 3 layers : solids at the bottom (sludge), water in the middle, and fats and oils at the top (scum). Bacteria that lives in the tank helps to break down the sludge, turning it into a liquid.

Near the top of the septic tank is a pipe that leads to a part of the yard called the drainfield. When the wastewater in the septic tank reaches this pipe, the water flows into the drain field and is filtered through the soil. The soil cleans the water, preventing contamination of ground water in the area.

What Are the Consequences of Not Pumping Your Septic Tank?

If the tank is not pumped, the solids will build up in the tank and the holding capacity of the tank will be diminished. Eventually, the solids will reach the pipe that feeds into the drainfield, causing a clog.

When the drainfield becomes clogged, commercial property owners may see a variety of symptoms including :

  • Pooling water - When water starts to pool on your lawn or field without an obvious explanation, it may be because your septic tank is too full. A professional can pump your tank to fix it.

  • Foul odors - A full septic tank will cause the sludge to rise, emitting foul odors around the commercial property.

  • Health of your lawn - Not all waste is created equally. Unlike fertilizer, septic waste can kill your grass. Look for inexplicable brown or yellow patches in your lawn. Also, exceptionally lush green grass over the drainfield could also be a sign of septic tank issues as well. 

  • Slow draining toilet : If your septic tank becomes too full, it can interfere with the way your toilet functions. Pay attention to how quickly your toilet drains after a flush.

How Often Should You Pump Your Septic Tank?

For commercial septic tank systems, the installation varies widely in the wastewater volume used per person per day depending on the type of facility, the number of visitors, how long they stay there and what activities they pursue. Talk to a professional when choosing which size tank to acquire for your space so as to avoid additional costs down the road.

How often you should clean a commercial septic tank depends on the the number of people, the frequency of use and how large your septic tank is. 

Septic Repair Services in Orlando

We here at Cloud 9 Services, Inc., based in the Orlando area, are here for all your septic repair and maintenance needs. We offer a variety of septic repair services including :

If you are in need of any of these services or more information about these services, please call us today to get a free quote or estimate and to answer any questions you might have.